Waco Bee Removal

A Teenager’s Muscles Rapidly Broke Down After Sustaining 700 Stings From Killer Bees

Africanized honey bees, or killer bees, pose a significant public health threat in South America, Central America, Mexico and the southwest United States. In the country of Brazil, where American killer bee populations originated over 70 years ago, nearly 14,000 killer bee incidents occurred during 2015, of these incidents, 39 human deaths were recorded. The toxins that are present within killer bee venom can lead to a host of severe medical conditions, many of which are life threatening. Killer bee venom is unique in that it causes sting victims to sometimes develop lesions on their internal organs. For example, a 13 year old developed a condition that entails the rapid breakdown of skeletal muscle fibers in response to sustaining 700 stings from killer bees.

The toxic effects of killer bee venom can cause multiple organ dysfunction and even failure in people who sustain numerous stings. Although all honey bee venom has the potential to cause this effect if doses are high enough, Africanized honey bee stings are almost always the cause of multiorgan dysfunction in sting victims. After falling victim to a swarm of killer bees, the 13 year old boy developed intense swelling in his upper body. Tests showed that the boy developed a life-threatening condition known as “rhabdomyolysis” in response to the numerous stings that he sustained. This condition sees the rapid breakdown of muscle fibers, and consequently, the dead muscle debris makes its way into the bloodstream, often resulting in interrupted kidney and liver functioning or possible kidney or liver failure. This condition was also documented in 5 people who sustained numerous Africanized bee stings in Brazil. Despite receiving aggressive multi-drug treatments, three of the five patients died nearly 24 hours after sustaining the stings. Unfortunately, there does not yet exist any reliable antivenom or specific therapy to address massive envenomations by killer bees.

Do you actively fear falling victim to Africanized bee attacks?

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Spiders That Kill Snakes, And Other Arthropods That Kill And Consume Large Animals

There are plenty of videos online that show spiders and insects battling other spiders and insects. These videos fascinate many people who were not aware of the great physical strength possessed by some seemingly defenseless arthropod species. The most significant show of strength among arthropod species can be seen in videos that feature a spider or insect killing an animal of superior size. In some cases, the animals that are defeated and killed are not fellow arthropods; instead, they are reptiles, amphibians and even mammals.

Not long ago, a video posted to Youtube captured the interest of people all over the world, as it showed an Australian huntsman spider fighting and killing a mouse. However, this video may not be so impressive, as experts say that the mouse featured in the video had already been dead. Misleading videos like this, and other videos that employ trickery to fool viewers into believing that spiders and insects can kill large animals, are all too common online. But, experts claim that numerous instances of seemingly unmatched battles between arthropods and larger sized animals have been documented. For example, a 2016 study from Brazil described an event in which a tarantula species, Grammostola quirogai, fought and killed a 15 inch Almaden snake before making a meal out of portions of the snake’s corpse. Another 2016 study from Germany described the first ever incident of dragonfly larvae eating fully grown adult frogs. Rare cases of dragonflies catching birds in midair before consuming them have also been documented. A large dragonfly species from Canada managed to catch a hummingbird while the two animals had been flying near each other. The only other known case of such an instance occurred in 1977. Fierce centipedes belonging to the aggressive Scolopendra family have been found consuming bats on numerous occasions. These centipedes have also been found consuming rats, lizards, frogs and even snakes, and not just any snake, but the extremely toxic Indian venom coral snake. The Polish cave beetle hunts and feeds on newts, and numerous spider species catch bats in their webs. These large prey animals provide spiders, insects and centipedes with a rich and long lasting source of nutrients.

Have you ever found an arthropod consuming a non-arthropod species?

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Victims Of Mass Bee Attacks Can Die From Their Injuries A Whole Two Weeks After Sustaining Venomous Stings 

Mass bee and wasp attacks can lead to death due to the high amount of venom injected into a human’s bloodstream by numerous insects. Falling victim to an unusually high dose of bee or wasp venom after sustaining numerous stings is known as “massive envenomation”. Most stinging events occur when one single wasp or bee specimen becomes disturbed by a human while searching for food. These stings usually occur during the late summer or fall when wasps are attracted to the food that humans eat outdoors. However, mass envenomation occurs when an entire colony of bee or wasps attack an intruder that they perceive to be a threat to their colony. In this case, an individual is attacked by hundreds or thousands of individual insects. Most documented attacks of this sort see victims sustaining hundreds of stings. Most stings are inflicted to the head and neck, as these are the preferred target body parts for bees and wasps. Kidney failure and death occur after an individual sustains 150 to 200 wasp stings and 150 to 1,000 bee stings. Most victims that sustain over 1,000 stings will survive if treatment is administered in time. The Vespa orientalis and Vespa affinis wasp species are responsible for a majority of envenomation deaths involving wasps.

Although there exists many differences between wasp venom and bee venom, the symptomatology resulting from their stings are similar. In mass envenomations, both bee and wasp stings cause affected individuals to develop edema, fatigue, dizziness, nausea, vomiting, fever, and unconsciousness. The histamine response to mass envenomations can result in the sudden onset of diarrhea and incontinence. In fact, one case report describes a victim who defecated the bees that he had inadvertently swallowed during an attack. Most deaths that result from mass envenomenations occur within a few days following attack, but sometimes death occurs up to 12 days following an attack. An 88 year old died four days after sustaining as many as 200 stings during an attack by a killer bee swarm and another individual died 12 days after sustaining around 130 stings.

Have you ever witnessed a swarm of wasps flying through the air?

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Cockroaches Did Not Exist In The United States Until 400 Years Ago, But More Species Are Being Introduced Regularly

Cockroaches are among the hardiest of all insect species, and they did not even exist in North America until 1625 when they were brought to the continent from their native Africa. However, the introduction of different cockroach species into North America has been occuring ever since then. In just the past decade, several new cockroach species have arrived in the United States from foreign regions. For example, the Periplaneta japonica species that is native to Japan was recently spotted in New York City for the first time ever. This species of cockroach is notable for being able to withstand relatively cold temperatures. The first ever finding of a Turkestan cockroach was recently documented in the southwest US. Now researchers believe that the Turkestan cockroach may also have invaded New York City. The rapid introduction of new cockroach species into the US can make it hard for experts to stay on top of the roach species that have come to call America home.

Of the 4,500 cockroach species that have been documented, only 30 are categorized as pests. Of these 30 cockroach pests, four are particularly problematic within American homes. These four cockroach species are the German, American, Australian and Oriental cockroaches. While the German cockroach is the most abundant cockroach species in America, it is the American cockroach that people hate finding within their homes, as these cockroaches are large in size and fast on the ground. Australian cockroaches look similar to American cockroaches, but the Australian cockroach is smaller is size. The Australian cockroach is often reported as flying into people’s faces and hanging from ceilings. However, the oriental cockroach is considered the most significant from a public health perspective, as these cockroaches dwell within sewer systems where they collect numerous disease-causing pathogens on their body.

Have you ever witnessed a cockroach emerging from a sewer?

 

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How Many Bee Stings Does It Take To Kill A Human?

How Many Bee Stings Does It Take To Kill A Human? And What Is The Record For The Highest Number Of Bee Stings Sustained By An Individual?

The number of bee stings that can be sustained before dying from an allergic reaction to the venom or from the toxic effects of venom vary significantly depending on the individual. People who have an allergy to insect venom can die from anaphylactic shock from just one single bee sting. However, an adult that does not have an allergy to insect venom can sustain hundreds or even thousands of stings without dying from the venom’s toxic effects. Amazingly, one man survived a total of 1,200 bee stings in Texas a few years back while another adult male died after sustaining a mere 98 stings. Obviously, neither one of these men were allergic to insect venom, but the significant disparity between the number of bites each man sustained illustrates how the effects of insect venom vary from person to person. While it may seem impossible to survive thousands of bee stings, it should be known that the above described bee attack survivor was 65 years old when he sustained 1,200 bee stings, and the Guinness Book of World Records describes a man who survived more than twice as many bee stings as the 65 year old.

Back in 1962, Johann Relleke survived a bee attack that saw 2,443 stingers removed from his body. Surviving more bee stings than this is certainly not likely, as one recent bee attack victim who did not have a venom allergy died almost immediately after sustaining 3,000 bee stings. According to the Merck Manual, a human can sustain 10 bee stings for each pound of body weight. Therefore, the average adult should be able to survive around 1,000 bee stings, while a child could survive 500. The data concerning the greatest number of bee stings sustained by a victim that died, is not easy to find, but the number would be very high. One bee attack incident in Arizona five years ago saw the victim sustain 800,000 stings. The bee culprits in this case were Africanized honey bees, which are responsible for several attacks on humans in Arizona each year.

Do you have a fear of bee or wasp stings?

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Few People Are Aware That The Oldest Tarantula In Recorded History Was Brutally Murdered By A Wasp Last Year

Most people probably assume that small arthropods don’t live long lives. Of course, arthropods comprise the vast majority of all animal species currently on earth, and their lifespans vary dramatically. The general lifespan of a spider covers a greater period of time than the general lifespan of an insect. House spider species vary in lifespan depending on the species, but house spider lifespans range from 2 to 7 years in length. Tarantulas are notable for having the longest lifespan of any arachnid group. For example, the lifespan of trapdoor spiders ranges between 20 and 30 years. Sadly, the oldest arachnid in documented history died during April of last year.

The longest living arachnid on record is a trapdoor spider of the Giaus villosus species. This is the only species of spider currently within the Giaus genus and they are native to Australia and are notable for being large and for having particularly durable exoskeletons. Not only did this spider tragically die as recently as last spring, but this record-breaking spider specimen was brutally murdered by a wasp before the spider’s carcass was ultimately consumed by wasp larvae. This legendary spider species was named number 16, as this was its label while it had been included in a study of trapdoor spiders several decades ago. Amazingly, number 16 managed to live until the age of 43, and it probably could have survived for a much longer amount of time had it not been killed by a predatory wasp.

Number 16 was last seen alive in 2016 when researchers checked its burrow. However, during the last visit, researchers found that a parasitic wasp had kidnapped number 16 from its burrow, leading the research team to safely assume that number 16 surely had to be dead by the time they arrived.

Have you ever seen a trapdoor spider before?

In An Effort To Rid Her Business Of Insect Pests Without Professional Assistance, A Woman Blew Up Her Salon

Discovering that your home, business or rental property is infested with insects is always a bummer, but making the situation worse by introducing new problems is certainly the last thing that anybody would want to do in such a situation. One great way to start things out on the wrong foot when dealing with an insect infestation is to convince oneself that the insects can be eradicated without professional assistance and with commercially available pesticides. Of course, some insect situations within a house can be handled by non-trained homeowners, but if the infestation is substantial and extends to areas of a home that are inaccessible, then calling upon the services of a pest control professional is in order. It is not uncommon for disasters to occur when homeowners and tenants attempt to eradicate insect infestations themselves. For example, not long ago, a business owner discovered that her hair salon had become infested with numerous insects of different species. In a desperate attempt to remedy the situation herself, she literally blew up her salon. But luckily, she successfully eradicated the insect pests.

A New York City woman purchased and activated 20 insect pest foggers within her hair salon in order to eradicate an extensive insect infestation within the business. Although the initial attempt at eradication via fogger managed to kill several of the insects, the foggers also revealed the true extent of the infestation, which was more widespread than she had realized. Since an even greater number of insects arrived to replace the ones that had just been killed, the salon owner proceeded to set up a few dozen additional bug foggers to seal the deal. Unfortunately for the amatuer pest control operator, the woman left the pilot light in her stove on, which ignited the flammable aerosol released by the several dozen fogging machines.

The resulting blast certainly eradicated the insect pests, but the building’s windows were blown out on a total of three stories and 12 people sustained injuries. One building resident described running from the flames in an attempt to escape the building alive. Not surprisingly, this particular incident is nothing new, as non-professionals blow up their homes or other structures 500 times every year in the US in ill-conceived efforts to eradicate insect infestations with flammable fogging machines.

Do you believe that it is ever permissible for a non-expert to attempt a DYI pest eradication method?

How Are Insects And Spiders Trained To Perform In Movies And TV?

How Are Insects And Spiders Trained To Perform In Movies And TV? Waco Ant Control

We have all seen movies and TV shows that feature creepy insects or arachnids. In many cases, creepy-crawlies are created on the big screen by resorting to computer generated imagery. In movies that were made before computer graphics were in use, robotic insects and spiders were often created. However, sometimes directors insist upon using real-life insects and spiders for their movies. In these cases, directors must call upon experienced arthropod trainers. These trainers are most often well educated in the field of entomology. It is the job of spider and insect trainers to make sure that the arthropods perform properly in different scenes and to make sure that the actors and crew are safe from potentially dangerous specimens.

Steven Kutcher is an entomologist who has been training spiders and insects for movie roles for several years. Kuther has worked on more than one hundred major motion pictures including Spiderman, Arachnophobia and Jurassic Park. Kutcher insists that he does not “train” arthropods for movies as much as he “controls” them. According to Kutcher, there is not enough time to train arthropods for movies, so he learns to control their movements instead. For example, if a scene calls for a group of spiders to swarm toward a person or object, high speed winds can be used to facilitate the spider’s forward movements.

For one film, Kutcher was tasked with making a spider crawl across a room and into a slipper. In order to pull this off, Kutcher placed vibrating wires within the slipper. Kutcher knew that the spider species was attracted to vibrations, so his wire contraption successfully led the spider directly across the room and into the slipper. In some scenes, Kutcher has to ensure an actor’s safety when a dangerous arthropod is supposed to crawl on a character. In one movie, a scorpion had to crawl on an actor’s shoulder. In order for Kutcher to protect the actor from scorpion stings, he placed a cap over the scorpion’s stinger. Some spider species can be prompted to move forward by tapping on their back legs, and they can be made to stop by covering their eyes. For Kutcher, the most enjoyable aspect of his job is making the actors and crew less frightened of spiders and insects.

Is there any other job in the field of entomology that you believe would be more enjoyable than Kutcher’s job?

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Is It True That Scorpions Sting Themselves To Death When Confronted By Fire?

For centuries, the claim that scorpions commit suicide via their own stinger when surrounded by fire has been spread among people of all cultures. Apparently, a scorpion, when confronted with an insurmountable threat, such as a ring of fire, will sometimes opt to take its own life. But is this claim true? Can a scorpion commit suicide? Can a scorpion willingly sting itself? The answers to all three of these questions is a big “no”. At least this is the answer given by entomologists, biologists and numerous other experts concerning the topic of scorpion suicide. Despite expert claims to the contrary, some people today, upon catching a scorpion, will sadistically light a ring of fire around it solely to witness the arachnid sting itself to death rather than suffer a painful demise. There is a surprisingly large amount of anecdotal reports that describe this suicidal behavior in great detail, and in the past, many scientists insisted that scorpions sometimes do, in fact, commit suicide in certain dire situations.

Scorpions are one of the oldest, if not the oldest, terrestrial animals to exist on the planet. Therefore, scorpions are uniquely adaptable and hardy creatures. In fact, scorpions can even survive the radioactive fallout that results from nuclear blasts. Considering the evolutionary success of scorpion species, the idea that they evolved suicidal behaviors is ridiculous. Another clear problem with the “fire myth” is the fact that a scorpion species is, obviously, unharmed by its own venom, and even the venom of other scorpion species. Despite the glaring logical problems concerning this myth, researchers puzzled over this alleged phenomenon for centuries. Back in 1887, a Professor of Biology, Alfred Bourne, at the Presidency College in Madras, aimed to settle the question of scorpion suicide once and for all. In the study, Bourne mentioned several prominent scientists of his time who were convinced that scorpions sometimes commit suicide when surrounded by fire. As for all of the modern anecdotal reports that can be found online claiming that scorpion-suicide is real, experts say that the purported self-stinging is actually the scorpion reacting frantically and spasmodically to the heat of the fire.

Have you ever heard the “scorpion suicide” myth before? If you have, then did you believe it to be true? Do you still?

Seven winter pest-proofing tips

It is a common misconception that when the temperature drops pests will simply disappear until the spring. The reality is that many pests synonymous with warmer weather, like mosquitoes, ticks, ants and termites, can survive well into the winter and some may even look to our homes for a warm place to stay.

iPest Solutions recommends the following tips for keeping cozy by the fire without any interruption from winter pests:

  • Trim back trees to prevent access to the underside of the roof overhang.
  • Declutter the basement, attic and any utility rooms to remove harborage sites for rodents.
  • Repair loose mortar and replace worn weather-stripping around doors and windows.
  • Store food in a sealed container and keep crumbs off of the floor.
  • Seal any and all cracks or gaps on the home’s exterior with a silicone-based caulk, steel wool or a combination of both.
  • Store firewood at least 20 feet from the home on a raised, covered structure. Inspect pieces of firewood for signs of pests before bringing inside for use.
  • Partner with a licensed pest control professional to inspect the home and address any pest problems.

Another way to prevent a winter pest invasion is by avoiding ice dams. These dams can cause moisture problems in homes, which attracts rodents and cockroaches, among other pests. If a homeowner suspects an infestation of any kind this season, iPest Solutions is only a phone call away.

For more information on how to prevent pests from invading homes this winter, visit www.wacopest.com